Chapter 10

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EUT monitoring and control

Input Channels

The input configuration is selected by pushing the Input button in the TSF window of an immunity test. A window like the one shown below will appear.

Input Configuration Window.jpg

Goal

The input channels of the RadiMation® software are implemented to monitor output signals of the EUT as a function of the test frequency. The software is able to monitor each channel before, during and after each test frequency. This way of data storage is useful during certification tests as well as during the development process of a product.

The inputs channels allow automatic and accurate monitoring of EUT performance. Together with the output channels, full automatic tests can be performed without intervention of the test engineer.

The before field data of each input channel, tells you if the equipment is functioning properly before each test point. The during field data of each input channel records if the equipment is influenced during period the test signal is applied.

The before field graph will record all instability and/or drift of the EUT, where the during field graph will record both the instability and/or drift of the EUT and any influence of the EUT by the RF field.

The Software is able to support a maximum of 8 A/D converters. For each A/D channel, two graphs can be recorded ('before field' and 'during field' graph). As an alternative, RadiMation® can also read data from oscilloscopes, audio analysers etc and use it as an A/D input signal. In this case, the operator should select the device driver for the measurement device (for example the oscilloscope) under A/D converter device driver in the equipment list.

The analogue channels can be used to monitor analogue voltages, currents, temperature, tacho generators etc. With some extra tools like opto couplers LED’s of the EUT can be monitored. Apart from the AD converters, 'Field sensors', 'forward power', 'reflected power' and 'current probes' can be used as input.

AD channel Configuration

EUT AD Channels Tab.jpg

The input channels are configurated under the AD-channel tab in the EUT window. In the AD Input, configuration menu each A/D channel can be switched on and off separately. If a channel is switched on, the following items can be configurated in the set-up menu of that channel:

AD Channel Setup Window.jpg

ScreenElementDescription.png Description Under Description, a title can be applied to the corresponding A/D channel. The title may have a maximum length of 40 characters.
ScreenElementDescription.png Units Under Units the units of the measured value can be entered. The entered units are only used as a label in the corresponding graph.
ScreenElementDescription.png Min. Input / Max. Input Under Min. Input and Max. Input the minimum and maximum scale values of the graphic are entered.
Warning-48px.png
Warning: This setting does not change the input range of the A/D converter.

Example:

If an A/D converter is used with a maximum input range of 1 V and an external shunt resistor of 0.1 Ω is used, the A/D configuration menu is set-up as the following:

Units : [A]

Min. Input : 0

Max. Input : 0.1

The graph will be displayed with a scale from 0 to 0.1 A on the Y- scale, and the frequency on the X- scale (from the start frequency tot the stop frequency as entered under the test configuration menu).

ScreenElementDescription.png Note The option “Note” allows text notes to be added to each A/D channel. This text field can be used to describe test conditions or the response of the EUT during the tests. The text fields can be changed after the test is completed under the “Info” screen.
ScreenElementDescription.png Measure The selection(s) under “Measure” determine under which conditions the A/D channel is measured. The “Before Field” graphic is measured before the test signal is applied at each test frequency. The “During Field” graphic is measured at the end of the “Dwell time”, during the period the test signal is applied.
ScreenElementDescription.png Range When selecting a minimum or a maximum “Range”, RadiMation® can react if an A/D-channel is out of range. For example during a Radiated immunity test, the field generated can influence an EUT. RadiMation® can detect this and level the field back to a point that the EUT is not influenced any more. When no “Range” is selected, the A/D-channel is used for recording only.
ScreenElementDescription.png Measurement Interval By configurating the measurement interval a suggestion can be given to RadiMation that the monitor input should be measured with atleast the configured time interval between two sequential measurements.

The default value 250 ms
The minimal value 1 ms
The maximal value 60 sec

Warning-48px.png
Warning: While reading each A/D channel will take a little time, scanning 8 A/D channels in the 2 modes for each test point will increase the total test time. Therefore we recommend switching off all unused A/D channels.


Furthermore, drawing the graphs on the screen will also take some time. For maximum performance, do not leave all graphs open on the screen.

Field sensors

During a substitution test, a field sensor can be used to record the field strength near the EUT and record it in a graph. It should be noted that the presence of the EUT in the chamber will influence the field homogeneity in the close vicinity of the EUT. Therefore, the field sensor will probably not give the same reading as it would give in an empty chamber. The field sensor reading should therefore only be used as an indication.

Field Probe Setup Configuration Window.png

Current probes

Current injection tests are more easily carried out and are less expensive than tests in an anechoic chamber (caused by the very expensive test equipment needed for radiated immunity tests).

Product improvements on an EUT therefore are more easily performed with a current injection set-up . For this purpose, during a substitution test, a current sensor can be used to record the RF current in one of the I/O cables of the EUT. RadiMation® can record the injected current in this cable due to the applied field.


This current sensor data can be used to simulate the influence to the EUT, in a current injection test set-up.

To get accurate current values, the current probe should be connected through a fibre optic cable in stead of using a coaxial cable. A coax cable will cause common-mode currents to flow on the screen, resulting in inaccurate test results.